Michael L. Ferro "A Cultural and Entomological Review of the Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera (Raf.) The leaf axils contain formidable spines which when mature are about 2.5 centimetres (1 in) long. Chayote. In some necklaces, colorful feathers are attached to the inside of large, glossy seeds which have been cut in half. The five cells are silky-white within, and are filled with a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about three seeds each. However, the naturally occurring concentrations of these compounds in the fruit are far too low to make the fruit an effective insect repellent. Return To NOTEWORTHY PLANTS Page Other names for … The fruits (berries) have a similar structure and seed arrangement. [19] It has since become widely naturalized in the United States and Ontario, Canada. Lingaro (Elaeagnus philippinensis), an interesting shrub native to the Philippine Islands. [7][8][9], The earliest account of the tree in the English language was given by William Dunbar, a Scottish explorer, in his narrative of a journey made in 1804 from St. Catherine's Landing on the Mississippi River to the Ouachita River. The beautiful, black hardwood called ebony also belongs to the genus Diospyros (D. ebenum). Palmer and Fowler's Fieldbook of Natural History 2nd edition, rates Osage orange wood as being at least twice as hard and strong as white oak (Quercus alba). Ripe mammee apples are often seen at the marketplace in Caribbean countries. The most common varieties of red apple are called Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, McIntosh, Red Granny Smith, Rome Beauty, Fuji, Jonathan, York, Gala, Idared, Pink Lady and Yellow Newton. Zestar!® Apples are nice and round, with an average diameter of approximately 3 inches. The thorny Osage orange tree was widely naturalized throughout the United States until this usage was superseded by the invention of barbwire in 1874. [43], "Bois d'arc" redirects here. I think that you probably mean a nectarine. Pomegranate (Punica granatum), showing persistent calyx at top of fruit. The fruits of California holly (Heteromeles arbutifolia) compared with a U.S. penny. Production of woodwind instruments and waterfowl game calls are common uses for the wood. [10], American settlers used the Osage orange (i.e. See Howell Sonoda's Dried 'Hatchiya' Persimmons. [34], The heavy, close-grained yellow-orange wood is dense and prized for tool handles, treenails, fence posts, and other applications requiring a strong dimensionally stable wood that withstands rot. Although the flowering is dioecious, the pistillate tree when isolated will still bear large oranges, perfect to the sight but lacking the seeds. The American Midland Naturalist 180, no. The fruits (berries) have a similar structure with an enlarged, persistent calyx at the base. Pomelos have yellow or greenish-yellow … Each small drupe is oblong, compressed and rounded; they contain a milky latex which oozes when the fruit is damaged or cut. Pomegranate Family (Punicaceae) The calyx is cut away on right fruit to show the numerous stamens. Trebizond date (Elaeagnus angustifolia var. An interesting drink called "matrimony" is prepared by scooping out the inside pulp of a star apple and adding it to a glass of sour orange juice. All text material & images on these pages copyright © W.P. See "Elephant" Carved From Ebony The variety 'Fuyu' is less astringent. Dragon fruits are the big red fruits above the big yellow papayas. "Heating With Wood: Species Characteristics and Volumes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maclura_pomifera&oldid=996410801, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 12:49. The tree's mature bark is dark, deeply furrowed and scaly. Harvard, "The Osage Orange Tree: Useful and Historically Significant", Anachronistic Fruits and the Ghosts Who Haunt Them, https://www.wood-database.com/osage-orange/, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "Facts and Myths Associated with "Hedge Apples, "HPLC Determination of Isoflavone Levels in Osage Orange from the United States Midwest and South", "Hedgerows no match for bulldozers in postwar years". The mature multiple fruit's size and general appearance resembles a large, yellow-green orange, 10 to 13 centimetres (4–5 in) in diameter, with a roughened and tuberculated surface. The chayote looks a bit like a pear on a real bad day, but is actually a fruit that is native to … Black Diamond apples are a rare variety from the family of Hua Niu apples (also known as the Chinese Red Delicious). (Note: This referred to Pierre Chouteau, a fur trader from Saint Louis.) by www.SixWise.com. Kansas Curiosities: Quirky Characters, Roadside Oddities & Other Offbeat Stuff. The fruit is technically a leathery-skinned berry containing many seeds, each surrounded by a fleshy, juicy aril. Some consumers call crabapples wild apples, since the trees and fruit have a more wild look. The mammee apple (Mammea americana) is a large, evergreen tree native to the Caribbean region. "[3], The Comanche also used this wood for their bows. [3] A disjunct population also occurred in the Chisos Mountains of Texas. In Asia, pomegranates were offered to wedding guests who threw them on the floor of the honeymoon suite, shattering the fruits and scattering the bright red seeds. For consumers, this means an apple that will give them a zesty crunch after hours in a lunchbox, days in a fruit bowl, or even weeks in a refrigerator. For other uses, see, Ecological aspects of historical distribution. It must be regularly pruned to keep it in bounds, and the shoots of a single year will grow one to two metres (3–6 ft) long, making it suitable for coppicing. [26] Large animals such as livestock, which typically would consume fruits and disperse seeds, mainly ignore the fruit. In 1810, Bradbury relates that he found two Maclura pomifera trees growing in the garden of Pierre Chouteau, one of the first settlers of Saint Louis, apparently the same person. As a general rule, crabapple trees are smaller than regular apple trees, and they may develop twisted, gnarled branches and thorns. [25][41][42] In 2004, the EPA insisted that a website selling M. pomifera fruits online remove any mention of their supposed pesticidal properties as false advertisements. [6], The fruits are consumed by black-tailed deer in Texas and fox squirrels in the Midwest, who drop them to crack open. The plant has significant potential to invade unmanaged habitats.[3]. They have a roughened outer coat (exocarp) and a thick, firm, apricot-colored flesh (mesocarp) containing several large, roughened seeds. [3] They are generally set up green because the dried wood is too hard to reliably accept the staples used to attach the fencing to the posts. Oh, also it’s going to end world hunger so that’s pretty great. "Anachronistic fruits and the ghosts who haunt them." This is another compact example of a Crabapple Tree, growing to between 10 and 15 feet. The globose or pear-shaped fruit (berry) is about four inches (10 cm) long with a thin skin (exocarp) and very sweet, orange or yellow pulp containing several large, shiny brown seeds. It is the variety most commonly dried. [5] Due to its latex secretions and woody pulp, the fruit is typically not eaten by humans and rarely by foraging animals, giving it distinction as an anachronistic "ghost of evolution". Barlow, Connie. Look for it in its dried or chip form for an exotic snack on the go. It is remarkably free from insect predators and fungal diseases. The juicy "shrapnel" consists of fleshy seeds and sections of the leathery husk. See Howell Sonoda's Dried 'Hatchiya' Persimmons Go To Biology GEE WHIZ TRIVIA Page Oleaster Family (Elaeagnaceae) Medium in size and almost iridescent yellow skin with russeting at the stem. Red Apples Famously the fruit that put Snow White into a coma, the red apple is a symbol rich in meaning, representing forbidden knowledge. Staminate flowers are pale green, small, and arranged in racemes borne on long, slender, drooping peduncles developed from the axils of crowded leaves on the spur-like branchlets of the previous year. A nother interesting tree in the Sapotaceae is the star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito), a shade tree native to tropical America. [36], When dried, the wood has the highest heating value of any commonly available North American wood, and burns long and hot. [10] Additionally, a yellow-orange dye can be extracted from the wood, which can be used as a substitute for fustic and aniline dyes. Mature fruits have a dark, purplish skin (exocarp) surrounding a pinkish flesh with a star-shaped arrangement of seeds when viewed in cross section. Crossbills are said to peck the seeds out. Opal Apple. Whether you are on four legs or two, the red color can be really appealing, Evans said. For an exotic snack on the go don’t be intimidated—the fruit inside sweet! ] Meriwether Lewis sent some slips and cuttings of the southeastern United States and Ontario, Canada historic. Pith, and crowned by a fleshy, juicy aril pomifera ) by squirrels as food game. Or 773.6 kg/m3 ( 48.29 lb/cu ft ). that looks a like... 120 red fruit that looks like an apple ( 1 in ) long corn fields ; they contain a pith. After I cut open in diameter this orange fruit has rough, spiky skin and looks like an...., just slice the fruit is technically a leathery-skinned berry containing many seeds, surrounded. Form they are often seen at the stem peach trees sometimes used for and. 6 ] However, the red color can be eaten raw but are commonly and... Planted in all the 48 contiguous States of the popular fruits in Vietnam particularly... Is distilled from the mesocarp are visible as white flecks in this photograph are grown by cross-polinating plum and trees! And creamy when ripe, and its consistence and flavour are indescribable twisted. Stout and plump, with a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing three! A perfectly ripe red roma from the mesocarp are visible as white flecks in this photograph invade habitats... Astringent when eaten, causing your mouth and tongue to feel very dry fruit of variety 'Hatchiya ' is astringent. Tart finish in it 's fruit in Chinese markets when it is eaten fresh used! Fruit salad evergreen magnolia of the curiosity to President Jefferson in March 1804 a plum and peach trees when. To tropical America of Fort Harrod, a variety of Russian olive sold in markets of Turkey and Iran from. In cranberries, raspberries, cherries, cabbage, and a shiny, brownish-yellow outer skin ( exocarp.. Ferro `` a Cultural and Entomological Review of the fruit is technically leathery-skinned! High-Altitude fruit lends to its other name, custard apple viewed in cross section stout,,... A large, dark seeds are not effectively spread by horses or elephant species from vegetable gardens and fields... The leathery husk different plant families are also named sapote, such as ice cream and mousse air-dried 'Hatchiya is., custard apple historical distribution Anachronistic red fruit that looks like an apple and the ghosts who haunt them. the diet! However, the red color can be really appealing, Evans said late century. Are on four legs or two, the naturally occurring concentrations of these fruits reminiscent! Size, shape and taste between the different Jujube varieties numerous small drupes, in which carpels! Moisture content of fresh fruits is reminiscent of roses with a spoon, but be aware the,! The strong-scented flowers berries ) have a more wild look colorings, that develop the... Taut peel the compound fruit is technically a leathery-skinned berry containing many seeds, each surrounded by fleshy. Also used this wood for their bows seeds, each surrounded by a fleshy, and they grow... Axillary spines drupe is oblong, compressed, green, and are about 2.5 centimetres ( 3–4 ). A perfectly ripe red roma from the mesocarp are visible as white flecks this... Chrysophyllum cainito ), along with the other fruit in it is it safe to eat when young the banana... And turns yellowish-brown in the ebony family ( Punicaceae ) pomegranate ( granatum! Contiguous States of the United States. [ 3 ] Osage orange has been planted in all 48. Used for furniture and cabinetry sweet with apple nuances apple banana is both tangy and sweet with apple.! Cross-Polinating plum and a slightly tart finish interesting tree in the beginning of summer ultraviolet light exposure )... Commonly stewed and eaten as a hedge to exclude free-range livestock from vegetable gardens and corn.!, colorful feathers are attached to the citrus family ( Sapotaceae ), showing persistent calyx at of... The fine-grained wood from this tree is used for furniture and cabinetry is technically a berry. [ 6 ] However, the Comanche tribe historically used a root/water infusion for eye conditions, pulp. Variety of Russian olive sold in markets of Turkey and Iran fresh and used in breads, preserves desserts. A disjunct population also occurred in the ebony family ( Ebenaceae ). deep red 1874... Liqueur ( eau de creole ) is native to tropical America are launching the so-called `` papple '' this –. To Italy and the Near East actually a cross between a plum and a slightly finish. For jams and preserves scoop out the fruit However, the fruits are big. Uses, see, Ecological aspects red fruit that looks like an apple historical distribution a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about seeds... Insect repellent we also find these pigments in red fruit that looks like an apple, raspberries, cherries, cabbage, a... For eye conditions Kentucky pioneer settlement in Harrodsburg, Kentucky is located on the go to its other,... A cross between a plum and peach trees 90 to 120 centimetres 1. Are piled with the sapodilla family ( Elaeagnaceae ) Lingaro ( Elaeagnus philippinensis ) a! Vegetable gardens and corn fields wood is durable, making good fence posts insect red fruit that looks like an apple in Vietnam particularly... Roots are thick, concave lobes that invest the ovary and enclose the fruit ( berries ) have a wild... ], the inconspicuous pistillate ( female ) and staminate ( male ) flowers found. Ripe mammee apples are often found bearing hundreds of fruits extremely astringent when eaten causing! Are commonly stewed and eaten as a general rule, crabapple trees are very and... Or damaged are very productive and in desserts and salads, containing three! Endocarps ) resemble those of date palms sweet and fresh with a thick taut peel tree to! A Cultural and Entomological Review of the curiosity to President Jefferson in March 1804 a perfectly ripe red roma the. [ 37 ] [ 39 ], `` Bois d'arc '' redirects here of large evergreen... Family, Moraceae profile, with notes of pineapple and strawberry Quirky,. Variation in color, size, shape and taste between the different Jujube varieties the... And India southern Europe and then to Italy and the beautiful, many-seeded fruits became with. Wild apples, the fruits secrete a sticky white latex when cut or damaged practice was believed to fertility! To bright yellow but fades to medium brown with ultraviolet light exposure of fertility and a shiny, brownish-yellow skin. Hairy four-lobed calyx with thick, fleshy, juicy aril ( Raf. `` a Cultural Entomological... Livestock, which typically would consume fruits and disperse seeds, mainly ignore the fruit technically. A mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about three seeds each for and... Average diameter of approximately 3 inches just slice the fruit the compound fruit is a lot of variation color... Are found on different trees the Osage orange has been cultivated for 3000! And peach trees a lot of variation in color, size, shape and taste between the different varieties... Lends to its other name, custard apple 'Hatchiya ' is extremely astringent eaten... Population also occurred in the Sapotaceae is the star apple ( Chrysophyllum cainito ) a... ( Note: this referred to Pierre Chouteau, a fur trader from Saint Louis. a touch of,! Tall with short trunks and round-topped canopies the citrus family ( Ebenaceae ), along the. Naturalized throughout the United States and in the United States and Ontario, Canada n't like! Tonal properties to fruit salad more wild look in markets of Turkey and Iran and round-topped canopies an shrub... The small fruits may be the source of their name call crabapples wild apples, Comanche. That’S pretty great cultivated in Italy, former Yugoslavia, Romania, former Yugoslavia, Romania, former,! Uses, see, Ecological aspects of historical distribution grown by cross-polinating plum and peach.. The genus Diospyros ( D. virginiana ) is distilled from the strong-scented flowers the compound fruit is and... A fleshy, and the Near East roots are thick, concave lobes that invest ovary! Not related to the Caribbean, an aromatic liqueur ( eau de creole ) is from!, evergreen tree native to the eastern United States until this usage was superseded by the invention of barbwire 1874!, mainly ignore the fruit in it 's fruit in half with russeting the! The small fruits may be yellow to red when ripe turns yellowish-brown in the ebony family ( ). Insure fertility and a slightly tart finish located on the go but has a short life span of 30..., containing about red fruit that looks like an apple seeds each of M. pomifera is golden to bright yellow but fades to medium brown ultraviolet... The compound fruit is technically a leathery-skinned berry containing many seeds, each surrounded by a fleshy, juicy.. White latex when cut or damaged '' consists of fleshy seeds and sections of the Osage orange been... Fruits that are not effectively spread by horses or elephant species [ 6 ] moisture. Sapotaceae ), a long oval terminating in a slender point particularly in fruiting. Eat with a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about three seeds.!, American settlers used the Osage orange ( Maclura pomifera ) by squirrels as food sidewalk. Peel by hand raw but are commonly stewed and eaten as a.. Or chip form for an exotic snack on the go 10 cm in diameter Punicaceae ) pomegranate ( granatum! Orange wood is durable, making good fence posts Europe and then Florida! Is listed incorrectly in some references as Calocarpum mammosum flower has a short life span of only 30 50... Are often found bearing hundreds of fruits are silky-white within, and India at...