AFGHAN SIKH RELATIONS spanning the years 1748 to 1849 go back to the first invasion of India by Ahmad Shah Durrani, although he must have heard of the Sikhs when in 1739 he accompanied Nadir Shah, the Iranian invader, as a young staff officer. He gathered more forces on the way as the vanquished joined him. Sher Shah Suri died in 1545 and his successor Islam Shah Suri died in 1554. Fought between the Mughal Empire and the Durrani Empire in 1748. He, therefore, had to retreat at night which resulted in his failure. During the Battle of Manipur (1748), [3] in Sirhind by the river Sutlej both forces fought a decisive battle and Prince Ahmad was nominally victorious, he was thereupon conferred with the title Bahadur, after a Durrani wagon filled with gunpowder exploded. mber of the Armed Forces Tribunal with the status of a high court judge till December 2013. Muhammad Shah Rangila displayed immense courage and decided to contest Ahmad Shah at Sirhind. In 1555, the throne changed hands twice. He captured Rohtas Fort and Lahore in February 1555. He and Wali Ahad Ahmed and Mehmaun’s army governor of Punjab confronted Abdali in March 1748, a battle was fought between the two armies near Sirhind in which Ahmed Shah Abdali was defeated and he had to return to Afghanistan. Second Invasion: (Dec. 1748) Mir Manu tried to stop the second invasion. Prince Ahmad Shah and Muin-ul-Mulk aka Mir Mannu, the son of Wazir Qamaruddin fought bravely. The invitation to Abdali was given by Shah Nawaz, the Governor of Lahore on the advice of the mercurial Adina Beg, Governor of Bisht Doab at Jullundur. After Nadir Shah’s death, he was unanimously elected leader of the Pashtun country and established the first independent state of Afghanistan. Abdali had to return. In March, 1748, the Mughal army defeated Ahmad Shah Abdali, who had succeeded to the eastern territories of Nadir Shah's empire, near Sirhind. He was defeated by Sher Shah Suri in 1540 and chased out of India to Persia. Lt Gen H S Panag was General Officer Commanding in Chief (GOC in C) of Army's Northern Command and Central Command. In the battle, the artillery store of Ahmad Shah Durrani caught fire which roasted thousands of Durrani soldiers alive. Yes he did come to India two more times: * Sixth Invasion - 1762 to 1763 * Seventh Invasion - 1764 to 1767. Ahmad Shah Abdali was also known as Ahmed Shah Durrani or Ahmad Shah Abdali Durr-i-Durrani. Humayun and Bairam Khan carried out a daring raid in a rainstorm like Sher Shah Suri had done at the Battle of Chausa to defeat Humayun. Muhammad Shah Rangila displayed immense courage and decided to contest Ahmad Shah at Sirhind. 3 In the beginning Jassa Singh Ahluwalia was ... battle of Kup in 1762 and battle of Sirhind.5 In 1763, when Bhangi Sardars Hari Singh, Jhanda 2 McGregor, The History of the Sikhs, London, 1846, pp. This was the last hurrah of the once great Mughal Army. KauraMal, who was called Mitha Mai, assisted him in his task. First, Ibrahim Shah Suri seized power but within months was deposed by Sikander Shah Suri. If you wish to object such processing, please read the instructions described in our Cookie Policy / Privacy Policy. During Mughal times, the Sirhind Sarkar controlled 28 Parganas, covering the entire territory of the Yamuna-Sutlej Doab, 350 km by 250 km. During Mughal times, the Sirhind Sarkar controlled 28 Parganas, covering the entire territory of the Yamuna-Sutlej Doab, 350 km by 250 km. Sher Shah Suri died in 1545 and his successor Islam Shah Suri died in 1554. Undeterred by his repulse in 1748 at Sirhind he gradually secured Punjab and then sacked Delhi in 1756-57. He cut off Durrani's supplies and captured his camels and horses. He was, however, outmaneuvered by Ahmad Shah and brought to decisive battle at Panipat in unfavourable conditions. Mohammad Shah was unable to capture back his states but managed to rule till 1748. The history of Sirhind goes back to pre-BC times, but its heydays were from 1,000 AD to 1,764 AD when it was finally razed to the ground by the Khalsa Army. It was a centre of education, trade and commerce and the town had a diameter of 3 kos (approximately 10 km). When the Sikh Panth was organised into twelve misls on 29 March 1748, Nawab Kapur Singh was appointed the Commander of Singhpuria Misl. First, Ibrahim Shah Suri seized power but within months was deposed by Sikander Shah Suri. Simultaneously, he had to battle Sher Shah Suri in Bihar and the Sultan of Gujarat in Malwa. 146-47; Ali-ud-Din Mufti, Ibratnama, (NP), 1854, MS., (Translated into Punjabi by Gurbakhsh Singh), … Wazir Qamaruddin died of a cannon shot but his body was propped on an elephant to prevent the flagging of the army’s morale. Assisted by the Safavids, he assembled an army and first captured Kabul, which was held by his brother Kamran before setting his eyes on Delhi. 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